- פִּקּוּחַ pikuach - "supervision, inspection"
- מְפַקֵּחַ mifakeach - "supervisor"
- פַּקָּח pakach - "inspector"
- פִּקֵּחַ pikeach - "sharp, bright (person)"
Wednesday, March 22, 2023
Tuesday, March 14, 2023
The connection between the English "cumin" and the Hebrew kamon כַּמּוֹן (often pronounced today kamun כַּמּוּן) is broadly accepted.
Here's Klein's CEDEL entry for "cumin":
Middle English cumin, comin, from Old English cymen, cymyn, from Latin cuminum, from Greek kyminon, which is of Semitic origin. Compare Hebrew kammon, of same meaning, Aramaic kammona, Syriac kmmuna, Ugaritic kmn, Akkadian kamunu, Punic chaman.
He notes that the word entered Mycenean Greek as early as the 15th century BCE.
We find the Hebrew kamon twice in the Bible, in two verses in the same chapter:
And scatter cumin,
Or set wheat in a row,
Barley in a strip,
And emmer in a patch?" (Yeshaya 28:25)
Sunday, March 12, 2023
bluish-white metallic element, 1822, discovered 1817 by German scientist Friedrich Strohmeyer (1776-1835), coined in Modern Latin from cadmia, a word used by ancient naturalists for various earths and oxides (especially zinc carbonate), from Greek kadmeia (ge) "Cadmean (earth)," from Kadmos "Cadmus," legendary founder of Boeotian Thebes. With metallic element ending -ium. So called because the earth was first found in the vicinity of Thebes (Kadmeioi was an alternative name for "Thebans" since the time of Homer).
"zinc carbonate," also, confusedly, "zinc silicate," 1590s, from French calamine, from Old French calemine, chalemine (13c.), from Medieval Latin calamina, corrupted by alchemists from Latin cadmia "zinc ore," from Greek kadmeia
But lets go a little further. Where did the Theban king Cadmus get his name?
According to Greek mythology, he was Phoenician, and according to Herodotus, he was the one that introduced the Phoenician alphabet to the Greeks. The Phoenicians used the same alphabet as the speakers of Hebrew, which is why the the two alphabets (names and shapes of letters) are so similar.
Cadmus coming from Phoenicia also likely explains the origin of his name. Many scholars say it derives from the root קדם, meaning "east." For example, in his CEDEL Klein writes that the name denotes "the man who came from the East."
Hebrew also has kedem קֶֽדֶם meaning "east." But the root קדם can also mean "be before, be in front", because at that time people oriented themselves towards the east. This sense of "before" was not only in space, but also in time, so קדם can also mean to precede.
So if this is the case, cadmium and calamine are cognate with Hebrew words like:
- קָדַם kadam - "to precede, to take precedence"
- קְדָם kedam - "preliminary"
- קֹדֶם kodem - "before, previously"
- קִדֵּם kidem - "to promote, advance"
- קִדְמָה kidma - "advancement, progress"
- קָדִימָה kadima - "forward, onward"
- קַדְמוֹן kadmon - "ancient"
Tuesday, March 07, 2023
Monday, March 06, 2023
For those that remember, about two years ago I had to change the service to provide email subscriptions to Balashon.
Well, it turns out that service also needs to be replaced. So I'm switching to MailerLite. Hopefully it will go smoothly, but expect a few test posts in the next several days so I can confirm that it works well.
Hopefully all existing subscribers have been migrated successfully, and there's a new subscribe button on the right for anyone who would like to start getting these posts by email.
If you have any issues with the transition, let me know. If you're not getting the posts, and you are subscribed, try checking your spam/junk email folders, and add the sender to your safe sender group.